Dry Eye Medications in Eye Care

Dry Eye Medication Management

Dry eye medications are essential in the management of dry eye syndrome, a common condition that affects a significant portion of the population. These medications aim to alleviate symptoms such as dryness, irritation, and discomfort by enhancing tear production, improving tear film stability, or reducing ocular surface inflammation. The selection of appropriate dry eye treatment depends on the underlying cause and severity of the condition, ranging from over-the-counter artificial tear solutions to prescription medications like anti-inflammatory eye drops or tear-stimulating drugs. For optometrists and eye care professionals, a thorough understanding of the various dry eye medications, their mechanisms of action, and their application in personalized treatment plans is crucial for providing effective relief and improving the quality of life for patients suffering from this chronic condition.

Dry Eye Medications

cyclosporine 0.09%bid60 vial box>18 yearsCimmunomodulator
loteprednol 0.25%qid (up to 14d)8.3mLNACester-based corticosteroid
perfluorohexyloctaneqid3mL>18 yearsNANA
cyclosporine 0.05%bid30/60 vial tray
5.5mL in 10mL bottle
>16 yearsCimmunomodulator
varenicline 0.03mgbid4.2mL sprayNANAnicotinic acetylcholine agonist
α-7 agonist
lifitegrast 5%bid60 vial carton>17 yearsNALFA-1 antagonist